More people are getting intrigued by the effect of CBD on fertility in both men and women. With the various applications of CBD, much pseudoscience is being widely spread and a fertility boost might be one of those claims.
There was no direct and significant correlation between CBD consumption and improved fertility. Though CBD is virtuous, it is not an approved treatment for fertility. The potential of CBD in fertility enhancement is yet to be investigated.
There are several forms of CBD products available on the market, namely oils, edibles, and lotions. If you are interested in using CBD for fertility, check with your gynecologist before using CBD.
Continue reading to know more about the effects and the risks associated with CBD and fertility.
Does CBD Affect Fertility?
Since the use of CBD and its products is a novel concept, the research conducted provides little evidence on how CBD affects the reproductive system.
In fact, its effect could potentially be harmful to reproductive health.
According to the PLEEA Journal in 2004 THC consumption during pregnancy could affect embryo implantation and be a potential cause of miscarriage.
However, this data has not been tested experimentally for CBD.
The use of cannabis and its nefarious effects on the reproductive system has been highly discussed.
Yet, the effects have been studied with all the active components of cannabis, including THC, CBD, and associated terpenes.
Scientists are still solving the mysteries surrounding the complex endocannabinoid system (ECS) and its potential link to fertility.
A study from Pharmaceuticals in 2010, discovered endocannabinoid receptors in seminal plasma and oviductal fluids.
They concluded that the female reproductive tract and sperm contain endocannabinoid receptors.
A hypothesis, therefore emerged, stating that CBD can improve normal ovarian function, maturation of a follicle, and fertilization of an egg.
Yet, there is no concrete evidence that supports this theory as the presence of a receptor does not mean that it is meant for exogenous cannabinoids.
Can CBD Improve Fertility?
The use of exogenous cannabinoids like CBD has been found to improve male sexual performance according to pre-clinical experiments carried out by the Journal of Sexual Medicine in 2018.
On the other hand, a study from the Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences found that anandamide is an endocannabinoid neurotransmitter that is strongly present during the ovulation period.
It is suggested that anandamide present in large levels during ovulation promotes a mature egg release, which readily awaits the sperm for fertilization and leading to a good pregnancy.
However, it is important to make a difference between an exogenous cannabinoid (CBD) and an endogenous cannabinoid (anandamide).
However, in 2002, Pharmaceuticals published a study conducted on human sperm cells that detected that their membrane and kinematic traits were affected when the concentration of anandamide were found in a narrow range.
The authors concluded that depending on the concentration of anandamide, it is possible it can help with infertility.
Risks Associated With CBD For Fertility
CBD can either act locally or the gonads, such as altering the functions or size of the reproductive systems directly or stimulate the neurons.
This could potentially result in changes in hormones of the reproductive system that will eventually affect fertility.
According to an article published in The Journal of Applied Toxicology in 2019, a decline has been noted in the serum level of hormones when the male adult has a prolonged use of CBD.
These include gonadotropin-releasing hormones, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, testosterone, and progesterone.
The same article talked about a reduction in the size of the sex organs of the male and impaired sperm production whereby the number of mature sperms was low while using high doses of CBD.
A reduced number of sperm may implie less sperm reaching the egg for fertilization and not all among the sperms reaching the egg would be mature, some might fail in fertilizing the egg.
Thus a potential lower fertility rate would be expected with exposure to CBD.
Another report published in the Current Neuropharmacology in 2019 suggested a similar pattern among animals.
What CBD Products Can I Use?
Since the mechanism of CBD on fertility in both men and women is still uncertain, it is highly recommended that you consult your physician before embarking on a CBD journey.
There are several over-the-counter CBD products that can be taken by interested couples. (View Full CBD Catalog)
- CBD oil: usually in the form of oil droppers or tinctures, CBD oil can be taken orally or topically. When taken under the tongue, the CBD absorption rate increases significantly.
- Body lotions: CBD can be used as a topical ointment for skin conditions like eczema and joint pain
- Edibles and gummies: people love gummies due to their portability and great taste compared to CBD oil.
- Vaping: it is a favorite option because of its quick absorption but it can be harmful to lung tissue.
It is preferred to use CBD as a tincture or capsule as a means to cope with fertility issues due to the ease of absorption of CBD by the body.
It should be noted that even if CBD seems safe for pregnancy, the discrepancies caused by the effect of CBD on other drug treatments could greatly impact the fragile embryo.
CBD Side Effects
According to the Journal of Ovarian research, the female reproductive tract is lined with endocannabinoid receptors.
While the ECS may help in the regulation of pain, the study discovered that it can significantly impact the formation of the egg follicle in the ovaries.
Scientists stated that long-term exposure to cannabinoids in the female reproductive system may result in disruptions in the menstrual cycle and disturbance in the maturation of ovarian follicles.
Researchers also confirmed that cannabis users undergoing IVF treatments encounter difficulty in producing quality eggs and have lower chances of getting pregnant.
Moreover, the American College of Gynecologists and Obstetricians recommended that pregnant women should not smoke cannabis.
They stated that vaping cannabis may contribute to stillborn or damage to the fetus’ nervous system.
You should therefore refer back to your doctor before using CBD as a means to increase your fertility.